Moodle site: Course Login required. Sexual choices in the bedroom, they claimed, shaped national identities and the direction of social and cultural development. Through a variety of programs, propaganda and legal codes, states such as Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy sought to regulate sexual behavior and promote specific gender roles and identities. The intervention of the state in the intimate lives of citizens in the twentieth century, however, was rooted in the transformations of state, culture and economy that took place long before the speeches of great dictators. This course explores the cultural debates surrounding sexual practices, medical theories of gender and sexuality, and the relationship between sexuality and state that shaped European societies in the twentieth century. If Overenrolled: Priority will be given to Amherst College pre-registered students, pre-registered 5-college students, History majors, and then AC first-year students with an interest in majoring in History.
Sex and Gender
WHO/Europe | Is it all about sex? Entre Nous 66,
With almost , participants, it is the largest survey of its kind. The new survey results show little progress over the past seven years. Despite efforts by the European Union EU and its Member States to reduce gender inequalities among citizens of Roma origin, important gender differences persist. European non-discrimination law, as constituted in particular by the EU non-discrimination directives, and Article 14 of and Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights, prohibits discrimination across a range of contexts and grounds. This handbook examines European non-discrimination law stemming from these two sources as complementary systems, drawing on them interchangeably to the extent that they overlap, while highlighting differences where these exist. This technical report presents a detailed overview of the survey methodology used by FRA when collecting the survey data.
Prostitution in Europe
Skip to content. How are people coping with 'skin hunger'? But the reality is that many sex workers felt forced to work privately and illegally just to survive.
The degree of enforcement of the anti-prostitution laws varies by country, by region, and by city. In many places, there is a big discrepancy between the laws which exist on the books and what happens in practice. Depending on the country, various prostitution-related activities may be prohibited where a specific law forbids such activity , decriminalized where there is no specific law either forbidding or allowing and regulating the activity , or regulated where a specific law explicitly allows and regulates the activity if certain conditions are met. Activities which are subject to the prostitution laws include: selling and buying sexual services, soliciting in public places, running brothels, deriving financial gain from the prostitution of another, offering premises to be used for prostitution etc.