Accurate prediction of lymph node status is of crucial importance in the appropriate treatment planning for patients with early gastric cancer EGC. Some studies have examined factors predicting lymph node metastasis LNM in EGC; however, these studies did not consider sex-specific differences. This study aimed to investigate sex-specific differences in predictive risk factors of LNM in EGC based on surgical specimens. Patients who underwent surgical treatment for EGC between January and February were retrospectively evaluated. Patients who underwent previous gastric surgery or treatment for gastric neoplasms were excluded. Finally, patients treated for EGC were included in the analysis.
sex Archives - the Node
Matthew E. Hansen, Rob J. Sexual antagonism, or conflict, can occur when males and females harbor opposing reproductive strategies. The large fraction of sex-biased genes in genomes present considerable opportunities for conflict to occur, suggesting that sexual antagonism may potentially be a general phenomenon at the molecular level. Here, we employ a novel strategy to identify potential nodes of sexual conflict in Drosophila melanogaster by coupling male, female, and sex-unbiased networks derived from genome-wide expression data with available genetic and protein interaction data.
Globus symptoms are not uncommon after an uncomplicated thyroidectomy. However, their associated factors and etiology have not been investigated. We investigated the etiology and factors related to globus symptoms after thyroidectomy. The medical records of patients who underwent thyroidectomy and completed a voice analysis, psychiatric screening, and voice-related questionnaires before and 1 month after the surgery were reviewed. Patients were excluded if they had globus symptoms before surgery or scored high on the psychiatric questionnaire.